5B-57.007: Noxious Weed List
5B-57.011: Biomass Planting
PURPOSE AND EFFECT: The purpose of these rule amendments is to provide definitions for biomass permit and biomass planting, and contiguous, to add the language for biomass plantings within the purpose of Rule 5B-57.002, F.A.C., to add the following plants to the Noxious Weed List; Abrus precatorius, Ardisia elliptica, Casuarina equisetifolia, Casuarina glauca, Colubrina asiatica, Leucaena leucocephala, and Scaevola taccada and to provide specific requirements for issuing biomass permits. The effects of the amendments will make the Rules consistent with the provisions of Section 581.083(4), F.S., provide the authority for regulating several new plants known to be invasive noxious weeds and outlining specific procedures for obtaining permits to produce biomass plantings.
SUMMARY: To control the introduction into, or movement within this state of biomass plantings and to establish procedures under which the field release of such are permitted. Such procedures will assist in confirming that introductions and field releases are conducted in a manner which provides for public and environmental protection.
SUMMARY OF ESTIMATED REGULATORY COSTS: No Statement of Estimated Regulatory Cost was prepared.
Any person who wishes to provide information regarding a statement of estimated regulatory costs, or provide a proposal for a lower cost regulatory alternative must do so in writing within 21 days of this notice.
SPECIFIC AUTHORITY: 570.07(13), (23), 581.031(1) FS.
LAW IMPLEMENTED: 581.031(1), (4), (5), (6), (7), 581.083, 581.101, 581.141 FS.
IF REQUESTED WITHIN 21 DAYS OF THE DATE OF THIS NOTICE, A HEARING WILL BE SCHEDULED AND ANNOUNCED IN FAW.
THE PERSON TO BE CONTACTED REGARDING THE PROPOSED RULE IS: Richard Gaskalla, Director, Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Division of Plant Industry, Room A116, 1911 S.W. 34th Street, Gainesville, Florida 32608, (352)372-3505.
THE FULL TEXT OF THE PROPOSED RULE IS:
For the purpose of this rule chapter, the following definitions shall apply:
(1) through (3) No change.
(4) Biomass permit. A permit issued by the department authorizing a biomass planting.
(5) Biomass planting. The cultivation of a nonnative plant, including a genetically engineered plant for purposes of fuel production or purposes other than agriculture in plantings greater in size than two acres.
(7) Contiguous. Two or more plantings of non-native plants with a common boundary or a parcel of land that has been separated or divided into more than one planting of non-native plants whether separated or divided by a roadway or any other area not under cultivation with non-native plants.
(4) through (16) renumbered (6) through (17) No change.
Specific Authority 570.07(13), (23) FS. Law Implemented 581.031(4), (5), (6), 581.083, 581.091 FS. History–New 7-27-93, Amended 4-18-04,________.
The purpose of this rule chapter is to control the introduction into, or movement or spread within this state of any plant pest, noxious weed, or arthropod, and to establish procedures under which the field release of plant pests, noxious weeds, arthropods, and biological control agents or biomass plantings are permitted. Such procedures will assist in confirming that introductions and field releases are conducted in a manner which provides for public and environmental protection.
Specific Authority 570.07(13), (23) FS. Law Implemented 581.031(4), (5), (6), 581.083, 581.091 FS. History–New 7-27-93, Amended ________.
5B-57.007 Noxious Weed List.
(1) Parasitic Weeds.
(a) Aeginetia spp. (Aeginetia).
(b) Alectra spp. (Alectra).
(c) Cuscuta spp. Only the native
2. C. compacta.
3. C. exaltata.
4. C. gronovii.
5. C. indecora.
6. C. obtusiflora.
7. C. pentagona.
8. C. umbellata.
(d) Orobanche spp. (broomrapes), with the exception of:
1. O. uniflora. (oneflowered broomrape)
(2) Terrestrial Weeds.
(a) Ageratina adenophora (crofton weed).
(b) Alternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed).
(c) Abrus precatorius (rosary pea).
(d) Ardisia elliptica (shoebutton ardisia).
(c) Asphodelus fistulosus (onionweed).
(d) Avena sterilis (including Avena budoviciana) (animated oat, wild oat).
(e) Borreria alata (broadleaf buttonweed).
(f) Carthamus oxyacantha (wild safflower).
(i) Casuarina equisetifolia (Australian pine).
(j) Casuarina glauca (suckering Australian pine).
(g) Chrysopogon aciculatus (pilipiliula).
(l) Colubrina asiatica (latherleaf)
(h) Commelina benghalensis (Benghal dayflower).
(i) Crupina vulgaris (common crupina).
(j) Cupaniopsis anacardioides (carrotwood) Propagation prohibited effective 7/1/99; sale or distribution prohibited 1/1/2001.
(k) Digitaria scalarum (African couchgrass, fingergrass).
(l) Digitaria velutina (velvet fingergrass, annual couchgrass).
(m) Dioscorea alata (white yam).
(n) Dioscorea bulbifera (air potato).
(o) Drymaria arenarioides (lightning weed).
(p) Emex australis (three-corner jack).
(q) Emex spinosa (devil’s thorn).
(r) Euphorbia prunifolia (painted euphorbia).
(s) Galega officinalis (goat’s rue).
(t) Heracleum mantegazzianum (giant hogweed).
(u) Imperata brasiliensis (Brazilian satintail).
(v) Imperata cylindrica (cogongrass).
(w) Ipomoea triloba (little bell,
(x) Ischaemum rugosum (murainograss).
(y) Leptochloa chinensis (Asian sprangletop).
(ee) Leucaena leucocephala (lead tree).
(z) Lycium ferocissimum (African boxthorn).
(aa) Lygodium japonicum (Japanese climbing fern).
(bb) Lygodium microphyllum (small-leaved climbing fern).
(cc) Melaleuca quinquenervia (melaleuca). 1
(dd) Melastoma malabathricum (Indian rhododendron).
(ee) Mikania cordata (mile-a-minute).
(ff) Mikania micrantha (climbing hempweed).
(gg) Mimosa invisa (giant sensitive plant).
(hh) Mimosa pigra (catclaw mimosa). 1
(ii) Nassella trichotoma (serrated tussock).
(jj) Neyraudia reynaudiana (
(kk) Opuntia aurantiaca (jointed prickly pear).
(ll) Oryza longistaminata (red rice).
(mm) Oryza punctata (red rice).
(nn) Oryza rufipogon (wild red rice).
(oo) Paederia cruddasiana (sewer-vine).
(pp) Paederia foetida (skunk-vine).
(qq) Paspalum scrobiculatum (Kodomillet).
(rr) Pennisetum clandestinum (Kikuyu grass).
(ss) Pennisetum macrourum (African feathergrass).
(tt) Pennisetum pedicellatum (Kyasuma grass).
(uu) Pennisetum polystachyon (missiongrass, thin napiergrass).
(vv) Prosopis spp.
(xx) Rhodomyrtus tomentosa (downy myrtle).
(yy) Rottboellia cochinchinensis (itchgrass).
(zz) Rubus fruticosus (bramble blackberry).
(aaa) Rubus molluccanus (wild raspberry).
(bbb) Saccharum spontaneum (wild sugarcane).
(ccc) Salsola vermiculata (wormleaf salsola).
(ddd) Sapium sebiferum (Chinese tallow tree).
(kkk) Scaevola taccada (beach naupaka). Propagation prohibited immediately and distribution prohibited by July 1, 2007.
(eee) Schinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper-tree). 1
(fff) Setaria pallidefusca (cattail grass).
(ggg) Solanum tampicense (wetland nightshade).
(hhh) Solanum torvum (turkeyberry).
(iii) Solanum viarum (tropical soda apple).
(jjj) Tridax procumbens (coat buttons).
(kkk) Urochloa panicoides (liverseed grass).
1Department of Environmental Protection permit required for these species.
Specific Authority 570.07(13), (23) FS. Law Implemented 581.031(4), (5), (6), 581.083, 581.091 FS. History–New 7-27-93, Amended 2-28-94, 6-30-96, 7-7-99, ________.
5B-57.011 Biomass Plantings.
(1) Biomass Permit Requirements. It shall be unlawful to establish a biomass planting greater in size than two contiguous acres except under a biomass permit (DACS 08382) issued by the department. No biomass permit shall be issued for any planting of plants on the state noxious weed list or the federal noxious weed list. No biomass permit shall be issued unless the applicant is the owner of the property or has written permission from the property owner to utilize the land for biomass plantings. Applications for biomass permits shall be made on form DACS 08381 and submitted to the Division of Plant Industry,
(a) A system of traps or filters shall be required to prevent plants or plant parts from spreading through ditches, natural waterways or other drainage.
(b) Measures will be required to prevent spread by seed.
(c) A fallow area, wide enough to prevent plant spread into adjacent areas, shall be required. The fallow area will be on both sides of a berm surrounding the biomass planting.
(d) Any equipment used on the site must be cleaned of all plant debris before being moved from the property.
(e) Wildfire protection measures will be required to mitigate fire risk and damages to surrounding areas.
(f) A compliance agreement (DACS 08383) containing any additional requirements needed to prevent plant spread shall be signed and will be an addendum to the permit. Failure to abide by the permit stipulations or the compliance agreement is considered to be a violation of these rules.
(2) Bonds or Certificates of Deposit. Each permit holder shall maintain for each separate growing location a bond or a certificate of deposit in an amount of not less than 150 percent of the estimated cost of removing and destroying the plants as described in 581.083 (4) F.S. The bond or certificate of deposit may not exceed $5,000 per acre except as allowed by statute.
(3) Abandoned Biomass Plantings. It shall be unlawful for any person to abandon a biomass planting. It is the responsibility of the property owner or permit holder to completely destroy the planting prior to vacating the property or stopping commercial production. If the department determines that the permit holder is no longer maintaining or cultivating the plants subject to the special permit and has not removed and destroyed the plants authorized by the special permit or has exceeded the conditions of the biomass permit, the department shall take action to initiate the removal of the plants through the issuance of an immediate final order and execution of the bond or certificate of deposit as described in Section 581.083(4), F.S.
(4) Exemptions. A biomass permit is not required for plants produced for purposes of agriculture as defined in Section 570.02(1), F.S. or if the department in consultation with the University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences has determined that the nonnative plant is not invasive and specifically exempts it in this rule. The following plants or groups of plants are exempt:
(a) Any plant that is produced for purposes of human food consumption.
(b) Any plant that is commonly grown for commercial feed, feedstuff or forage for livestock.
(c) Pinus spp.
Specific Authority 570.07(13), (23) FS. Law Implemented 581.031(4), (5), (6), 581.083, 581.091 FS. History–New ________.