RULE NO: RULE TITLE
5B-3.0038: Quarantine Action
PURPOSE AND EFFECT: The purpose of this chapter is to prevent the introduction and subsequent dissemination of plant pests into Florida through the movement of nursery stock and other plants and plant products. This chapter provides for the regulation of nursery stock and other plants and plant products moving into Florida and establishes provisions under which such nursery stock and other plants and plant products can enter the state.
SUBJECT AREA TO BE ADDRESSED: Rule 5B-3.0038, F.A.C., Quarantine Action.
(1) Plant pests not known to occur in the state of Florida. Plants and plant products which do not meet Florida regulations or are found to be infested or infected with, or exposed to a plant pest not known to be established in the state shall be subject to being refused entry, returned to the owner, quarantined, treated, or destroyed as specified by the department, or destroyed or treated by an authorized representative of the department. The destruction, quarantine, treatment, or return of a shipment shall be under the direction of an authorized representative of the department and at the expense of the owner. Payment to the department for such expense shall be required before shipping can resume. Shippers shall be immediately suspended from shipping into Florida when shipments of plants and plant products are found to be infested or infected with a plant pest not known to be established in the state, and the pest is determined to be potentially damaging to Florida agriculture. This suspension shall remain in effect until the Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Division of Plant Industry, and the state of origin department of agriculture agree the problem has been resolved and that shipping may resume. An Agreement for Treatment, Destruction, Forfeiture, or Return of Plants and/or Plant Parts, DACS-08029, revised 8/02, will be completed on all shipments requiring regulatory action. An Agreement for Treatment, Destruction, Forfeiture, or Return of Plants and/or Plant Parts form, DACS-08029, revised 8/02, is supplied by the division for this purpose and is incorporated herein by reference. Copies of DACS-08003, Report of Plant and Plant Material in Transit, and DACS-08029, Agreement for Treatment, Destruction, Forfeiture, or Return of Plants and/or Plant Parts, may be obtained from the Division of Plant Industry, Bureau of Plant and Apiary Inspection, P. O. Box 147100, Gainesville, Florida 32614-7100. The following are examples of plant pests that would require immediate quarantine action:
1. Aceria litchii (currently in Hawaii (Litchi mite)).
2. Anoplophora spp. (Asian longhorned beetles).
3. Biprorulus bibax (spined orange bug).
4. Bostrichidae (Bostrichid beetles).
5. Brevipalpus chilensis (Chilean false red mite).
6. Ceratovacuna lanigera (sugarcane woolly aphid).
7. Eutetranychus orinetalis (Oriental red mite).
8. Exophthalmus spp. (Caribbean citrus weevils).
9. Liriomyza huidobrensis (pea leaf miner).
10. Maconellicoccus hirsutus (pink mealybug).
11. Metamasius spp. (Neotropical palm and bromeliad weevils).
12. Musgraveia sulciventris (bronze orange bug).
13. Myllocerus spp. (Asian weevils).
14. Nephotettix spp. (Green leafhoppers on rice).
15. Nilaparvata lugens (brown plant hopper).
16. Oxycarenus hyalinipennis (dusky cottonseed bug).
17. Prymnotrypes spp. (Andean potato weevils).
18. Russelliana solanicola (a potato psyllid).
19. Siphoninus plyillyleae (Ash whitefly).
20. Trioza anceps (avocado psyllid).
21. Trioza perseae (avocado psyllid).
22. Trioza erytreae (African citrus psyllid).
23. Tropilaelaps clareae (Tropilaelaps mite).
1. Citrus chlorotic dwarf.
2. Citrus leprosis virus.
3. Citrus variegated chlorosis.
4. Citrus yellow mosaic virus.
5. Huanglongbing (citrus greening disease).
6. Phytophthora ramorum (sudden oak death).
7. Puccinia horiana (chrysanthemum white rust).
(1) through (7) No change.
8. Septoria citri
8. Sugarcane bacilliform badnavirus.
9. Sugarcane yellowleaf syndrome.
10. Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. citri (citrus canker).
Renumber (8)-(10) to (9)-(11).
1. Achatina spp. (giant African snail and others).
2. Archachatina marginata (banana rasp snail).
3. Cryptomphalus spp. (brown garden snail and others).
4. Megalobulimus oblongus (giant South American snail).
5. Theba pisana (white garden snail).
1. Anguina tritici (wheat gall nematode).
2. Bursaphelenchus cocophilus (red ring nematode).
3. Ditylenchus destructor (potato rot nematode).
4. Ditylenchus dispaci (bud and stem nematode).
5. Globodera rostochiensis and G. Pallida (potato cyst nematode).
6. Hemicycliophora arenaria (citrus sheath nematode).
7. Heterodera carotae (carrot cyst nematode).
8. Heterodera cruciferae (cabbage cyst nematode).
9. Heterodera goettingiana (pea cyst nematode).
10. Heterodera zeae (corn cyst nematode).
11. Hoplolaimus columbus (Columbia lance nematode).
12. Longidorus africanus (a needle nematode).
13. Longidorus belondriodes (a needle nematode).
14. Meloidogyne chitwoodi (Columbia root-knot nematode).
15. Meloidogyne citri (a citrus root-knot nematode).
16. Meloidogyne fujianenis (citrus root-knot nematode).
17. Meloidogyne naasi (cereal root-knot nematode).
18. Nacobbus aberrans (false root-knot nematode).
19. Pratylenchus convallariae (a lesion nematode).
20. Pratylenchus crenatus (a lesion nematode).
21. Pratylenchus goodeyi (a lesion nematode).
22. Xiphinema brevicolle (a dagger nematode).
23. Xiphinema bricolensis (a dagger nematode).
24. Xiphinema californicum (a dagger nematode).
25. Xiphinema diversicaudatum (a dagger nematode).
26. Xiphinema index (California dagger nematode).
27. Xiphinema insigne (a dagger nematode).
28. Xiphinema vuittenezi (a dagger nematode).
29. Zygotylenchus spp. ( a lesion nematode).
(2) Plant pests of limited distribution in the state of Florida. Plants and plant products found infested or infected with or exposed to a plant pest of limited distribution in the state shall be subject to immediate quarantine action and will not be eligible for certification until treated as prescribed by the department and released from quarantine. An agreement for Chemical Treatment, DACS-08081, revised 6/03, may be required for plants and plant products requiring treatment. Agreement for Chemical Treatment form, DACS-08081, revised 6/03, is supplied by the division for this purpose and is incorporated herein by reference. Copies of DACS-08081, Agreement for Chemical Treatment, may be obtained from the Division of Plant Industry, Bureau of Plant and Apiary Inspection, P. O. Box 147100, Gainesville, Florida 32614-7100. The following are examples of plant pests that would require immediate quarantine action:
1. Diaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid).
2. Diaprepes abbreviatus (diaprepes root weevil).
3. Maconellicoccus hirsutus (pink mealybug).
4. Metamasius callizona (bromeliad weevil).
5. Metamasius hemipterus (palm and sugarcane weevil).
6. Morganella longispina (scale insect) (plumose scale).
7. Myllocerus undatus (weevil).
8. Opuntiaspis spp. (scale insect).
9. Paratachardina lobata (lobate lac scale).
10. Parlatoria ziziphi (black parlatoria scale).
11. Philephedra sp. (scale insect).
12. Phoenicococcus marlatti (red date scale).
13. Vinsonia stellifera (stellate scale).
1. Agrobacterium tumefaciens (crown gall).
2. Lethal yellowing of palms.
3. Phomopsis gardeniae (gardenia canker).
4. Puccinia pelargonii – zonalis (geranium rust).
5. Sphaceloma poinsettiae (poinsettia scab).
6. Tomato yellow leaf curl virus.
(c) Mollusks (snails).
1. Otala lactea (milk snail).
2. Zachrysia provisoria (Cuban land snail).
1. Meloidogyne mayaguensis.
(3) Common Plant Pests. All nursery stock and other plants and plant products found infested or infected with a common plant pest shall be subject to immediate quarantine action when the population of the plant pest is adversely affecting the plant or plant product. The plant or plant product will not be eligible for certification until treated as prescribed by the department and released from quarantine. An Agreement for Chemical Treatment, DACS-08081, revised 6/03, may be required for plants and plant products requiring treatment.
SPECIFIC AUTHORITY: 570.07(23), 581.031(4), 581.101 FS.
LAW IMPLEMENTED: 581.031(7), 581.083, 581.101 FS.
IF REQUESTED IN WRITING AND NOT DEEMED UNNECESSARY BY THE AGENCY HEAD, A RULE DEVELOPMENT WORKSHOP WILL BE NOTICED IN THE NEXT AVAILABLE FLORIDA ADMINISTRATIVE WEEKLY.
THE PERSON TO BE CONTACTED REGARDING THE PROPOSED RULE DEVELOPMENT AND A COPY OF THE PRELIMINARY DRAFT, IF AVAILABLE, IS: Richard Gaskalla
THE PRELIMINARY TEXT OF THE PROPOSED RULE DEVELOPMENT IS NOT AVAILABLE.